According to statistics the population of Mogilev made 1 064,4 thousand people. Till mid 90s annual increase of population was observed but later it started to decrease due to migration and birth rate falling. Average population density in the region makes 42 persons per square kilometer. Over 70% of the population live in cities, that grew fast in mid 70s.
At the end of the 80s-beginning of the 90s number of population got stable and at present it makes 362 thousand people in Mogilev (third place after Minsk and Gomel) and 221 thousand people Bobruisk (seventh place after regional centers). Over 3 thousand villages are located in the region. Average number of population in each is 115 people. The population is well educated. There are 111 graduates with high education per each 1000 people. 228 out of 1000 have special education. The share of people with high education makes 16%, with special education – 31%, secondary education – 27%. Occupying 13,8% of the area of Belarus and concentrating 12,2% of its population, Mogilev region provides 16% of industrial and 17-19% of agricultural manufacture. Over 90 nationalities and peoples live friendly in the region, the majority are Belarusians (86%), Russians (11%), Ukranians (over 1,5%), Jews, Poles, Gypsies, tatars etc. about 157 religious communities, 16 denominations, Orthodox eparchy, Orthodox female monastery co-exist on Mogilev land. Among them there are 69 communities of Belarusian Orthodox church, 6 – of Old Believer church, 17-of Roman Catholic church, 1-of Greek Catholic church, 29-of Christian Baptist church, 4-of Christian church council, 31- of the Church of Gospel, 3-of 7th day Advents, 2-of New Apostle church, 1-of Jewish religion, 1-of Full Gospel, 1-of Christ’s Church, 1 –of Jehova witnesses, 2-of Progressive Judaism, 1-of Muslim religion, 2-of Krishnaists.