Mogilev region is situated in the east of Belarus. It continues down from north to south for 150 km, from east to west –for 300 km. the highest point is located at the railway station Temny les at the height of 239 m above sea level, the lowest-at the river Sozh next to village Gayshin of Slavgorod area-126 m above sea level. The heights of 150-200 m prevail. The region territory including Mogilev makes 29 thousand square km (13,8% of the area of Belarus).
Mogilev land is diverse nature-wise: picturesque hills of Mstislavschina change to flatlands of Central Berezinskoy in the west. Green forests in the south are harmoniously supplemented with meadows and fields in the east. There is a number of mineral deposits in the region: cement chalk and chalky clay (about 75% of total republican deposits of cement raw materials, Kommunarskoye, Sozhskoe, Kamnekovskoye, Varonkovskoye deposits), phosphorites, chalk (the largest deposits are in Krasnopolsky, Kostiukovichsky, Klimovichski, Krichevski and Cherikovski areas), clay and clay loam, sand and gravel, building sands, tripolith, turfs, sapropeles.
The area of Mogilev region belongs to the Dnieper valley, that crosses the region from north to south. Its largest tributaries are Lahva, Druts, Berezina (on the right), Sozh (on the left). The largest tributaries of the Berezina are Svisloch, Olsa, Ala, of the Druts-Oslik, Greza, of the Sozh-Lobzhanka, Volches, Pronia, Basia and Resta, Besed with Surov and Zhedunka in the south-west the river Ptich flows (tributary of the Pripiats). There are few lakes, the largest is Zaozerie, with the area of 0,58 sq. km. There is Chegrinskoye reservoir on the Druts with the area of 21,1 sq. km. 35% of the region area is covered with forest. Pine forests occupy 54,9%, birch and fir 15,1% each, alder 5,6%, oak 5,4%. Glussk, Bykhov, Osipovichi, Klichev areas are mostly covered with forests (up to 60%). There are two natural reserves in the region: hydrological-Zaozerye and Cherikov hunting. The area of state forestry makes 1092,9 thousand ha. The total reserve of woodland is 165,83 mln ha. The area of green woodland and planting of all categories -943,8 thousand ha, meadows occupy 17,6% of the area, about half of them are low land. Marshland is mainly low land, they occupy about 7,7% of the region, the majority are dried.
Climate is moderate continental. The winter is mild, the summer is warm.